Honore Nkafor Shiyntum (Ph.D.),

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Hire Editors and Proofreaders for quality Freelance Services! Our freelance Services cover Biology- and Medicine-related Subjects. Send in your Biochemistry, Immunology, Neurology, Microbiology, Enzymology, etc. projects.

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Ph.D. (Biochemistry)

Has 7+ peer reviewed scientific publications

Has 5+ years of thorough scientific research experience

Works as a freelancer on the Upwork Platform since August 2017

Works as a freelancer on the Livingston platform since July 2017

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Proofread Scientific materials

Shnkafor Scientific Articles provides PROOFREADING services for a variety of Write-ups:

  • Original Research and Review Scientific Manuscripts (Biology- and Medicine-related);
  • Scientific Protocols;
  • Monographs;
  • Thesis (Dissertations);
  • End of Term/Year Papers (Course Work);
  • Short Papers (Communiques, Reports, Letters to Editors, etc.);
  • Summaries;
  • Blog and Website Contents;
  • Short Creative Stories;
  • Cover Letters;
  • Recommendation Letters;
  • Letter of Interest;
  • Manuals;
  • Directories; etc.

...    more

$35 / page

Edit Scientific Materials

Shnkafor Scientific Articles provides EDITING Services for a variety of Write-ups:

  • Original Research and Review Scientific Manuscripts (Biology- and Medicine-related);
  • Scientific Protocols;
  • Monographs;
  • Thesis (Dissertations);
  • End of Term/Year Papers (Course Work);
  • Short Papers (Communiques, Reports, Letters to Editors, etc.);
  • Summaries;
  • Blog and Website Contents;
  • Short Creative Stories;
  • Cover Letters;
  • Recommendation Letters;
  • Letter of Interest;
  • Manuals;
  • Directories; etc.

Prices are negotiable depending on the complexity or simplicity of any given task.

1 page = 300 words

...    more

$40 / page

Summarize scientific materials

Shnkafor Scientific Articles provides Freelance SUMMARIZATION Services for a variety of Scientific Materials:

  • Original Research and Review Scientific Manuscripts (Biology- and Medicine-related);
  • Scientific Protocols;
  • Monographs;
  • Thesis (Dissertations);
  • Short Papers (Communiques, Reports, Letters to Editors, etc.);

Prices are negotiable depending on the complexity of any given task.

1 page = 300 words

...    more

$50 / page

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My latest blog posts

10 Easy Steps to Help You come up with a Professional Scientific Research Article
Apr 27, 2018
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Writing a scientific article can be easy or difficult, depending on what you make it be. Those who find it easy to write papers have steps that make it easy for them. As a scientific writing freelancer, editing freelancer, proofreading freelancer, and more, here is my take on writing science-related research scripts:

 

 

  1. Create a hypothesis (an original and plausible idea)! You can get this by reading the latest writings in your field;
  2. Develop your thesis! Find literature to corroborate your thoughts; this is easy if you used past scientific materials to construct your theory;
  3. List and research on materials and methods you would require for your investigation;
  4. Carry out your research, repeating the process a few times to make sure your results are dependable;
  5. Present a clear and concise report of your findings! (Avoid having to discuss your results when presenting them);
  6. Back up your deductions by advancing argument as to why your research was a success, or on the other hand, why you think your results were contrary to your imagination (here you might consider thinking outside the box);
  7. Provide a final paragraph (short and precise conclusion) that includes advantages and disadvantages, as well as perspectives;
  8. Proofread your work for any grammatical errors and missing or misrepresented material;
  9. Have one or two people, preferably with more experience (supervisor, lecturers, and senior students) than you, take a look at your work;  
  10. Format your paper according to journal instructions, adding any other section requested of you before submitting it. 

 

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2 Types of Scientific Articles (A Scientific Writing Freelancer’s Guide)
Apr 26, 2018
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A Scientific Article is a detailed exposé of a thorough Scientific Research or Review Material. The primary purpose of Writing Scientific Articles is for publication, and depending on the type of article and for whom (journal) you are writing, the guiding principles are different.

Types of Scientific Articles

There are two main types of Scientific Articles; Scientific Research and Scientific Review Articles.

1. Scientific Research Articles

Also referred to as an Original Research or Original Article, a scientific research article is a paper written after a thorough laboratory evaluation of a novel hypothesis, presenting original, unbiased findings. Constitutive parts of this type of manuscript are Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and References. As an expert independent scientific writing freelancer, I do not like to use the IMRAD acronym because it leaves out the abstract, which is an integral part of an article. So, let’s use AIMRAD instead to represent each of those essential parts.

Some Scientific Research Articles have the Results and Discussion sections combined, while others have the Discussion and Conclusion sections as one, Conclusion being the last paragraph. Some other nonscientific parts of your paper, like acknowledgments, sponsorship, etc., are required in some cases, depending on the journal publishing your manuscript. However, that is not to concern you until publication time, except you have received an invitation for publication from a specific journal and are applying the rules while writing.

An elaboration on the Parts of a Scientific Research Article

Title: This is the heading of your article; it captures the entire ‘raison d’etre’ of your research. Most, if not all, journals require a title page. Contents of this page vary from journal to journal, but the title of your manuscript almost always repeats itself at the start of your script proper on the second page, or page one of your article as it often is termed.

Abstract: A scientific abstract is an accurate summary of your entire research. We already looked at this at length. For various types and how to write them, refer to the previous post.

Introduction: Constitutes an array of arguments that give you a reason for thinking that your hypothesis is worth pursuing. The section ends with a statement of objective.

Materials and methods: What materials did you use and what were the techniques you deployed?

Results: Here, you report the outcome of your research, irrespective of whether it matched your expectations or not. It is best to avoid discussing them here, except if the results and discussion sections are joint. However, there is a smart way of introducing your results using previous findings without actually discussing them; this gives you more credibility. This type of approach is widespread in the medical field.

Discussion: Elaborate on your findings, justifying them using previous literature, as well as giving probable causes for any nuances. If possible, make your results more credible with a proposal of (a) mechanism(s) of action that you or some other person could test in the future. Avoid inundating this section just with literature and instead focus on substantiating your findings more, momentarily backing them up with past publications.

Conclusion: Give a conclusion that relates back to your objective. With some scientific journals, you may also be required to state pros and cons of your methodology and outcomes and proposing perspectives, but not always. If no indications are available as to their requirement, just go ahead and list them to be on the safer side of things. Take care not to make it another discussion. One short paragraph is enough.

Note that discussing the advantages and shortcomings of your research can also be done at some point in the discussion section; this all depends on how you formulate it.

References: List all the literature you made use of here, according to the requirement of the journal you are targeting. Some journals now give authors the option to arrange references according to your preference upon submission. Giving you this choice does not, however, mean that you should mix styles; choose one and stick to it, whether it be AMA, APA, or others; consistency of style is always mandatory, even if not spelled out.

2. Scientific Review Articles

A scientific review article is an assimilation of already published findings, with the view of establishing a common point of appreciation and proving a point. In some cases, a review paper serves to determine the frequency, depth, and progress of research in a particular area. The results of such reviews often identify if it is worth pursuing more outcomes in the same area. The parts that make up this publication type are usually Abstract, Introduction, Body (contains as many headings and subheadings as you and your target journal would require), and Conclusion.

Some review articles require the writer’s sense of Critique. In that case, your review must state the facts, offer constructive appraisals, and provide your opinions and/or perspectives. The other type of review articles only requires you to put together some publications to prove a point. Here, you have no obligation to offer evaluations, but you have to avoid bias. Avoiding bias means you have to report contradictory reports to your claims, if they exist, and not just those that suit you. 

You might want to know what type of review article you need before you begin. Your objective, and thus, the topic of choice already makes that easy for you. If not sure, then you should probably consult the potential destination journals on what their authors’ requirements are.  

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A Professional Freelancer's Guide on Writing Scientific Abstracts
Apr 3, 2018
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There are, of course, different types of scientific papers written for different purposes. Widespread among them are Abstracts, Articles, Protocols, Summaries, Thesis, Presentations, Reports, Communications, and Monographs, existing in various forms. However, as a scientific writing freelancer for hire who has been successful in getting papers written and frequently published on behalf of myself and clients I will give you my understanding of what the different scientific papers are. This week, we’ll begin with defining and illustrating the existing types of scientific abstracts.

A Professional Freelancer's Guide on Writing Scientific Abstracts

A Scientific Abstract is probably the shortest type of a Scientific Paper there is to write. Its word count ranges from 200 to 250 words and typically consists of an introduction, an objective, a Method, Results, and a Conclusion, written out as material for Conferences, Workshops, Seminars, Congresses, and Dissertations. Most Importantly though, is that an Abstract represents a summary of an entire Article, giving Journals and readers the short but complete outlook over the whole project, while also easing the quick and easy classification of Manuscripts into Categories. These are facts that are commonly known to scientific writing freelancers who excel in the art. You should learn to keep them in mind once and for all.

Types of Scientific Abstracts

Another fact that expert writing freelancers navigate with little fuss is that every Journal, Conference, Seminar, Workshop, and Congress differ in the way they outline their requirements for an abstract. This fact makes it simple to digest clients' instructions. For your good, the following types of abstracts constitute different required formats:

1. A Structured abstract – this abstract has distinctly spelled out sections (Background, objective, methods, results, and conclusion) for readers to quickly grasp the storyline of a project without having to read the entire writing1. It usually contains between 200 and 250 words.

In consideration of the various types of scientific materials (original (research), review, and clinical practice), structured abstracts differ in form:

  • The IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) predominantly used as a requirement for journal abstracts; and
  • The guideline for reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in journal and conference abstracts by the CONSORT group.

As advantages go, a structured abstract facilitates computerized categorizing and search, helps authors summarize their manuscripts, enables a stress-free peer-review process, and expedites assimilation.

Even though most journals require structured abstracts, there are some differences in their formats, and some journals use other structures too1. A structured abstract, for so many reasons, can be referred to as an informative abstract.

2. An unstructured abstractthis kind of material covers the various sections mentioned (or not) in a structured abstract but without parts; the writing assumes a paragraph form, the sentences describing each segment (or not). It is short and consists of between 50 and 100 words2. An unstructured abstract is akin to a descriptive summary, which lacks results and conclusions, but highlights the background and purpose of a project. So, a reader must go through the whole stuff to fully understand the methodology and outcomes. A descriptive abstract also makes it hard for peer-reviewers to assess papers quickly and renders computerization into categories a little more difficult.

3. A critical abstract – which is less popular than structured and unstructured abstracts is common in review materials. The writer gives a background, purpose, findings, and conclusions of someone else’ work and then critiques it by offering his own opinions in comparison with some other results.

Qualities of an Excellent Scientific Abstract

An excellent scientific abstract, whether structured or unstructured, should contain the following:

  • Introduction (a brief background that generates an objective);
  • Objective (a phrase explaining the aim of the research);
  • Methodology (an account of what was done to attain the goal);
  • Results (findings of the investigation);
  • Conclusion (inference to the results);
  • Recommendations (this is optional but could be helpful if you feel something can and should be done to make the outcome better); and finally
  • Keywords (between 4 and 6, occasionally more that define the major features of the work).                                                                    

A Freelancer's 'DO NOT' when Writing a Scientific Abstract

  • DO NOT include references or citations!
  • DO NOT reproduce the title!
  • DO NOT use abbreviations without defining them!
  • DO NOT discuss findings!

Instructions on how to come up with scientific abstracts require grit and patience; feats professional scientific writing freelancers have mastered in time through tests and active research. So, take your time too if you are to produce is a masterful piece and want quality publication. If it becomes too testing for you, remember there are expert scientific writing freelancers for hire ready to help you, beginning here.

References

  1. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/policy/structured_abstracts.html
  2. Nagda, S. (2013). How to Write a Scientific Abstract. The Journal of the Indian Prosthodontic Society13(3), 382–383. http://doi.org/10.1007/s13191-013-0299-x

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Tip 1 of 11 Expert Tips on Writing a Scientific Paper from an Expert Freelance Science Writer
Mar 9, 2018
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It might seem like an arduous task writing a scientific research material if you haven’t written one before. It is, indeed, a complex activity. However, when you understand a few basic principles, writing any scientific article no longer looks as formidable an adversary as you might have first imagined. The difficulty in writing a scientific paper depends a lot on the type of material you’re composing. Some people find it easy to come up with Review Manuscripts, while others prefer drenching their inquisitive their inquisitive minds in experimental works and producing Original or Research Scientific Materials. No matter the type of Scientific Paper you feel at home scribbling, the basic principles are all the same. As an expert freelance writer of scientific materials, and most importantly, as an experienced research scientist with a Ph.D. in Biochemistry, I will provide readers with five of my expert opinions on coming up with peer-review standard scientific materials. To make things easy for assimilation, I'll spread these views over 10 different articles. These points won't solve your problems as soon as you understand them, but more practice will.

Tip 1 - Transferring Ideas or Hypotheses to Words

Of course, the first thing about running an experiment is always about coming up with a great idea or hypothesis after having informed yourself of others' achievements (To be discussed sometime in the future). The most important step after laying out a hypothesis, even before you begin lab procedures, is structuring your idea in a manner that is comprehensive to whomever you are targeting. Like I mentioned a couple of phrases before, most, if not all, hypothesis stem from ideas we develop when reading other research materials. Oftentimes, when we put forward a hypothesis, we would have already come up with likely outcomes. We must, however, be careful because these outcomes mustn't always fit into our narratives; we have got to be flexible with our interpretation of end results. So, drafting a first-time hypothesis should include stating clearly what it is we intend to test, keeping our minds open. Some investigations are a result of already established hypothesis seeking to confirm previous findings. In that case, we could give a hint of what we should expect but remain open to the possibility of contrasting findings.

 

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